Whole life insurance is permanent life insurance designed to protect you "for the whole of your life". Basic whole life insurance consists of two internal parts: a protection element (the term insurance component) and a savings element (popularly known as cash value). These two parts work together to guarantee the policy will last until death and pay a death benefit. As with many products, there are many variations of whole life available on the market today.
Cash Value is the popular term for cash accumulating within permanent life insurance policies like Whole Life (in all its forms) and Universal Life (in all its forms). Though somewhat different, cash value (surrender value) can also accumulate in the later years of Return of Premium Term Life
This question is coming up more and more as members of the "sandwich generation" deal with aging parents. You can buy life policies on your parents almost anywhere.
In most cases, the parent you are insuring will have to give consent to be insured by signing the application. There are a few cases where you could take out the policy on them without direct consent but, to do this, you would need a formal "Durable Power of Attorney". Carriers that allow you to sign as POA, are usually guaranteed issue carriers so make sure you know what you are buying.
Typically, life insurance settlements are tax free. There are infrequent incidences where tax may be due (such as acquiring ownership of a policy through a life settlement or an old business policy, etc) but the vast majority of life insurance payouts will be tax free.
To answer this, I am going to substitute "permanent" for whole life. So, when should you buy a "permanent" policy. Unfortunately, like so many thing in today's world, this has been unnecessarily complicated by agents, TV/Radio personalities, and others...and it shouldn't be. It is really pretty simple.
BUYING LIFE INSURANCE
If you are buying life insurance to cover something temporary (like a mortgage, auto loan, or educational expenses, etc), a term policy is an appropriate vehicle. Please understand that term almost always lapses (terminates) without paying a death claim and insurance companies are very good at insuring (pun intended- haha) that it does lapse.
If you are buying life for something that is definitely going to require the benefit (like estate taxes, final expenses, a legacy to kids or a charity, etc), then a permanent plan is the only logical choice.
An easy rule of thumb is: Term is for money you'll need IF you die during a certain time; permanent is for monies needed WHEN you die (a certainty).
First off, don't lie on a life insurance application. Carriers are experts at finding information. You almost need to look at health questions as an exam about your health that you are trying to pass. Assume the carrier knows or will know all about your health.
If a lie is discovered on an application, the carrier will try to determine if it was simply an agent error or a misstatement by the client (in other words: not a lie). If the explanation is reasonable, the carrier will usually correct it and proceed to process and issue the policy. If the carrier determines that the prospective insured actually lied on the application, this opens a whole new can of worms. Most carriers will automatically decline to do business with someone who lies about their medical information on an application.
Honestly, it depends on which one you own and why you bought it.
Most of the AARP policies I run into are what they call the Level Benefit Term Life which is a 5-year renewable term policy. This policy “renews” every 5 years with a corresponding rate increase and eventually lapses at age 80 if not converted to a permanent plan of insurance.
So, if you own this policy and bought it to cover an auto loan (or something else short-term) or have no intention/need of keeping it for the long term and are aware of the rate increases, then I have no real beef with this policy and you are probably fine in your purchase (though I personally think there are better options).
Sadly, however, this is not what I find. Most people I talk to who own this policy tell me they have purchased it to cover final burial expensesor to leave money to loved ones. In cases like that, this is a terribly inappropriate policy. Term policies are temporary and are designed to lapse before a death benefit pays out.
Life insurance policies are kind of like tools in a toolbox. Using AARP’s 5-year renewable term policy (Level Benefit Term) as a burial policyis like using a screwdriver to hammer a nail: it might work but you are more likely to make a mess or hurt yourself leaving the job undone.
If you are wanting to cover burial expenses or some other final need, you are much better off purchasing a small whole life policy so you can lock down a rate and face amount that will not change (or lapse) over the years.
In most cases, no. Believe it or not, it is hard to "fail" or "get declined" a life insurance policy. Carriers want to issue you a policy because they want the premiums. If you have high cholesterol or high blood pressure controlled with medication, the carriers barely give it a second look. Control is key. In fact, you can even still get "preferred" status in those cases. So, if you have minor/moderate health issues, my advice is to take the exam and get your coverage. If your policy comes back rated, the face amount can be adjusted to fit the premium you want to pay.
If you have more chronic/serious health issues, talk to a good agent who is familiar with underwriting and has a good relationship with an underwriter who can give you an idea of how your application will be treated. It is no guarantee to issue, but it will give you a better idea of what to expect.
Declines are more common when someone has severe conditions and exhibit poor control of existing conditions. For example, high blood pressure that is controlled with medications is almost a non-issue whereas uncontrolled high blood pressure could easily be declined. Likewise, controlled diabetes is usually very doable. Uncontrolled or poorly controlled diabetes is almost always going to be a problem.
Finally, there are products on the market now that are called "simplified" and do not require a medical exam. These policies rely on answers to several health questions and data available electronically to make a decision. Occasionally, they may order an Attending Physician's Statement (APS) from your doctor. But, for the most part, they take a much more cursory look at your health. If you consider this type of policy, bear in mind that this "convenience" is costly and these policies are usually more expensive than ones issued with full medical exams.
Bottom line: Minor/moderate conditions controlled with medications? Go for it! More serious? Don't give up hope! Talk to me and let's see what we can do.
In short, yes. There are many valid reasons to own more than one life insurance policy. People can have life insurance needs that run the gamut from individual needs to business insurance to estate planning to final expenses. The list is almost endless. In fact, the variety of uses for life insurance practically necessitates owning more than one life insurance policy.
Do they ever! Yes! Just because someone doesn’t earn a living outside the home does not negate the need for life insurance. Think for a moment: Can you imagine having to replace the duties provided by your stay-at-home spouse? Child care, housekeeping, meal preparation, organizing children’s schedules/activities and anything else you can name are more than a full-time job. Hiring people to fill that role in the event of his/her death would be astronomically expensive. Life insurance is an inexpensive way to make sure money will be available when and if it is needed.
First off, did you realize term policies end? Term Life Insurance policies are designed to cover a specified period of time (usually 10, 15, 20, or 30 years). Once the term has run out, they are designed (and expected) to lapse (end). How it actually happens depends on the company you have your policy through.
For most companies, the policies become an ART (annual renewable term) and explode in price (10-20 times the original premium is not uncommon). They also increase in price each year thereafter. Very few people keep the policy in these circumstances and most policies lapse. Other companies allow the premiums to stay the same initially and drop the face amount drastically. Like the example above, the premiums usually also increase annually.
For example a policy with an original face amount of $250,000 may suddenly (or over a couple of years) drop to $25,000 or less for the same premium that then increases each year. As above, most do not keep their policy under these circumstances. Finally, some companies offer policies that just END. One day you have coverage, the next you have nothing. Which one do you have?
Being someone who has actually collected on a critical illness policy, I may be a bit biased here. That being said, when I am speaking with people about this need, I always focus on a couple of items:
- Does critical illness run in your family?
- Will having this coverage make you sleep better tonight?
A “yes” answer to either of those questions constitutes a need for this coverage. To me, a more important question is whether to buy critical illness coverage as a stand-alone policy or get a life insurance policy that covers it through living benefits (or both). A good agent should be able to lead you through this process.
This should be an easy answer, but it isn't. All agents must be licensed in the state where they conduct business. That said, a license doesn't mean that they are necessarily a "good agent".
Look for agents who are "career" types. While not always the case, these agents often carry industry designations such as CLU®, CFP®,LUTCF®, or ChFC® and the like. These designations are earned by taking college level courses that specialize in life insurance and financial products. They are governed by Code of Ethics and oversight boards.
After that, you have to go by feel. Do they pressure you? Do they ask lots of questions and seem concerned about finding the right product for you? Are they respectful of your needs and budget? Life insurance is one of the most incredible tools you can have in your personal financial arsenal but, sadly, low-achieving, ill-prepared agents can sometimes muddy the waters.
Good news is, there are many good agents out there! Just follow the tips above, trust your gut, and find one!
Absolutely. You can go one of two primary routes: a child term rider (on your policy) or an individual policy. Which route you choose depends on what you are wanting the insurance for and your budget. If your child is in poor health or there are several children that are needing to be covered (for the least amount of money) a child rider attached to your policy is probably your best bet. For an individual policy, carriers will usually only issue permanent policies on kiddos.
The usual rule-of-thumb is you can get up to 50% of the total coverage issued on Mom and/or Dad. All you need to decide is how much you want. A good agent can guide you in this process.
It depends on how long you want the protection. Term insurance is designed to cover a "term of time" like 10, 20, or 30 years. It is very cheap because it almost always lapses or expires without a claim being due. It is pure protection. So, if you have a 5 year old child and are buying insurance to provide monies for college in the event of your death, a 20 year term would probably fit the bill because it would provide protection through your child's education years to age 25. If you are trying to cover your home and you have 29 years left on a mortgage, a 30 year term may be most appropriate because it roughly matches your mortgage. Talk to a qualified agent about designing a term that best fits your needs.
Beneficiaries are the people or entities that will receive the proceeds of a life policy upon the insureds death. For most people, they will be a spouse or child(ren). There are 3 main types of beneficiary: Primary, Contingent (secondary), and Tertiary. The Primary beneficiary is the person or persons who will be first in line to receive the monies. There can be several primary beneficiaries. A contingent (or secondary) beneficiary is the person or persons who will receive the proceeds of a life policy when no primary beneficiary is alive to collect. A tertiary beneficiary is in line if no primary and no contingent beneficiaries are alive to collect when the policy pays out.